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4H : Welcome to the 4H Smiley's blog!

Making Pemmican

Published Tuesday, March 29, 2011.
Last updated: Tuesday, March 29, 2011


Would you like to make your own pemmican? Below is a simple recipe but remember - this is a VOLUNTARY activity and you will need your parents' help and permission. If you are able to make some successfully, please bring it into school so we can all have a taste.

The word "pemmican" comes from the Cree word "pimikan". This is how you make it:

  • First take 1/2 pound very fatty raw beef or buffalo and cut it into small pieces. Separate the lean meat from the fat carefully.
  • Dry the lean meat slowly over a fire, or on a barbecue grill, or in an electric oven - this will take several hours at least so you might want to do this part ahead. The meat is dried when it is not at all red anymore.
  • Now grind those pieces up into mush either by hand (with a mortar and pestle) or in a food processor. When it is all ground up it will be crumbly.
  • Add 1/4 cup dried berries like dried currants or raisins and grind it all together.
  • Take the pieces of fat (suet) and chop them as fine as you can. Heat the fat slowly over a fire or a burner on your stove until there is no red left and the fat is all melted. Simmer it for a while. Strain it through a strainer and let it cool. To get it more solid, melt it again and strain it again. This is tallow.
  • Mix 3/8 pound of the cooled marrow grease or the tallow into the fruit and meat mixture and then seal it up or refrigerate it. When it is cold you can cut it into bars for serving, like brownies.
  • You can eat pemmican plain, or boil it to make a soup or a stew. Sometimes people added potatoes or onions when they boiled it.

For more recipes you could simply google 'How to make Pemmican'




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4H Girls Tee-ball Champions (Courtesy of Alison Thompson)

Published Tuesday, March 29, 2011.
Last updated: Tuesday, March 29, 2011

Comment By Kaela Penwarden 

That looked fun I am gonna go to 4H next year
I can't wait, I hope if I send emails to Mr. Hockley
he will repliy soon.

Published on Monday, July 18, 2011

4H homework for Monday, March 14th

Published Monday, March 14, 2011.
Last updated: Monday, March 14, 2011


Antarctic Climate investigation

This week in class we are looking at all things to do with the weather and conditions in Antarctica. Using the site above which we looked at this morning can you answer the following questions?

1. What is the current temperature at the South Pole?

2. a) What is the area of Antarctica in square kilometres in March?

    b) What is the area of Antarctica in September?

    c) How much bigger is Antarctica in September than March?

3. What is the ice called that makes Antarctica bigger in September?

4. Where is the highest temperature in Antarctica today - Monday, March 14th?

5. Go to British Antarctic Survey - About Antarctica - Geography - and find the right place to answer these two questions:

a) What area in square kilometres is the Antarctic Ice sheet?

b) What percentage of the earth's fresh water does it contain?

6. How many ice ages has the earth gone through in the last 740,000 years?

7. Where do the people in Tuvalu hope to go to if rising seas drown their island?

8-10. Add three cool facts that you have learned from this site.

You can present your work as information cards; in a booklet; as a mind map; as a 'Fantastic facts about Antarctic climate' page or in any other way you can. Remember, your work will go into your Antarctic topic book at the end of term.

Good luck

Mr. Hockley

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